Egypt’s pyramids may be 4500 years old but they still have the capacity to reveal information and solve mysteries that have puzzled historians for centuries. Now a new discovery has shed some light into how the Pyramids of Giza were built.
Archaeologists made the enlightening discovery in a quarry at the Hatnub site, near the city of Minya. They uncovered a well-preserved ancient ramp system in the quarries that experts believe would have helped workers shoulder the enormous load of the limestone that is used to build the structures.
On the newly-discovered structure, there is a central ramp supported by two staircases on either side. The staircases are lined with cuts which were probably used to tie ropes to, allowing more people to pitch in and help drag the enormous blocks out of the quarry.
From inscriptions, experts can estimate that the ramp dates back to the time Pharoah Khufu who built the Great Pyramids of Giza, making it likely the ramp system was involved in its construction. In a statement, Egyptologist Dr Roland Enmarch emphasised the importance of the discovery. “Our research offers the exciting possibility for offering further insights into the logistics and technologies used in constructing that astonishing building.”
The Pyramids of Giza are the only remaining ancient Wonder of the World and, as well as attracting countless tourists, have been the subject of research and fascination for centuries. Despite the intense attention it gathers, it still manages to throw up surprises for Egyptologists. Just last year, new technology helped detect a mysterious void inside the Great Pyramid and its purpose is still unknown. Meanwhile, how the ancient Egyptians achieved its near-perfect alignment is still up for debate, with a recent experiment showing they could have used the location of the sun on the autumn equinox as a simple and effective guide.
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